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Brittany Puppy
Brittany Puppy
Alternative names
American Brittany
Brittany Spaniel
Epagneul Breton
Country of origin
Common nicknames
Classification and breed standards
FCI: Group 7 Section 1.2 #95  
AKC: Sporting  
ANKC: Group 3 (Gundogs)  
CKC: Group 1 - Sporting Dogs  
KC (UK): Gundog  
NZKC: Gundog  
UKC: Gun Dog Breeds  
Not recognized by any major kennel club
This breed of dog is extinct

The Brittany is a breed of gun dog that is primarily bred for bird hunting. Although the dog is often referred to as a spaniel, the breed's working characteristics are more akin to a pointer or setter.


Brittanys are mostly white with orange or liver spots. Individuals can have spots in combinations of these colors. Some individuals also have black spots but this is contrary to breed standard. The coat is of moderate length, dense, flat, or wavy, with slight feathering on the ears and legs. Too much feathering is undesirable as it impedes the dog’s work in thick brush. The breed standard calls for a dog weighing between 30 and 40 pounds (13 to 18 kg) and standing 17½ to 20½ inches (44 to 52 cm). The dog is squareish when viewed from the side, with shoulder height equaling body length (from withers to base of tail). Show dogs have their tails docked in some countries. The tails of working or companion dogs are rarely left long.


The breed is noted for being easy to train, sensitive, and sweet-natured. Many enthusiasts agree that it takes little more than a stern look or cross word to chastise a Brittany. As a consequence, care must be taken during training so as not to break the dog’s spirit. Brittanys are excellent with children but they are an exuberant breed and if not well supervised may accidentally harm a small child. A Brittany may also consider the family cat to be 'game', but note that a Brittany wants to 'retrieve' the cat, not harm it. Brittanys get along well with other dogs and enjoy working with other dogs as a team. Many Brittany enthusiats encourage new Brittany owners to be a two dog family. The dogs are active and require frequent exercise and room to run. As pets Brittanys are first-rate companion dogs but they do need plenty of exercise. Their outgoing nature makes them poor candidates for protectors, however a Brittany will always alert their owner when someone be it friend or foe approaches the front door!


As the name implies, Brittanys were developed in the Brittany province of France in the 1800s.

Training, method of work

Brittanys are happiest when hunting but make no mistake, Brittanys are excellent companion dogs and can be wonderful family pets. See the related sections in the gun dog article for details.

External links

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