Fish Guide

List of freshwater aquarium plant species

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Introduction

Aquatic plants are used to give the aquarium a natural appearance, oxygenate the water, and provide habitat for fish, especially fry (babies) and for invertebrate species. Some aquarium fish and invertebrates also eat live plants. Recently, there has been a movement in the hobby to use aquatic plants as part of aesthetic aquarium design and aquascaping, spearheaded by Japanese aquarist Takashi Amano.

Most of these plant species are found either partially or fully submersed in their natural habitat. Although there are a handful of obligate aquatic plants that must be grown in water (Cabomba sp., for example), most grow and thrive fully emersed if the soil is kept moist.

Fake or pseudo-aquarium plants

Several species of land plants such as umbrella pine and aluminum plant (Pilea cadairei) are also frequently sold as "aquarium plants". While such plants are beautiful and can survive for some time under water, they will eventually die and must be removed so their decay does not contaminate the aquarium water.

Listed alphabetically by scientific name

Bolbitis heudelotii, one of hundreds of aquatic plants found in   the hobby.
Bolbitis heudelotii, one of hundreds of aquatic plants found in the hobby.

As a very important note, the taxonomy of most aquatic plant genera is not final. Scientific names and classifications have changed often in the past years, creating confusion for most aquarists. Most of the old names are still in use today on some web sites.

Common aquarium plant species:

  • Acorus calamus
    Acorus gramineus
    Aglaonema modestum
    Aglaonema simplex
    Alisma gramineum
    Alternanthera bettzichiana
    Alternanthera lilacina
    Alternanthera philoxeroides
    Alternanthera reineckii "rosaefolia"
    Alternanthera sessilis
    Ammannia gracilis
    Ammannia latifolia
    Ammania senegalensis
    Anubias afzelii
    Anubias barteri var. barteri
    Anubias barteri var. nana
    Anubias barteri var. nana 'Petite'
    Anubias congensis
    Anubias frazeri
    Anubias gilletti
    Anubias gracilis
    Anubias hastifolia
    Anubias heterophylla
    Anubias lanceolata
    Aponogeton appendiculatus
    Aponogeton bernierianus
    Aponogeton boivinianus
    Aponogeton capuronii
    Aponogeton crispus
    Aponogeton decartyi
    Aponogeton desertorum
    Aponogeton dioecus
    Aponogeton distachyos
    Aponogeton elongatus
    Aponogeton fenestralis
    Aponogeton henkelianus
    Aponogeton junceus
    Aponogeton longiplumulosus
    Aponogeton loriae
    Aponogeton madagascariensis (Madagascar laceleaf, lace plant)
    Aponogeton natans
    Aponogeton rigidifolius
    Aponogeton tenuispicatus
    Aponogeton ulvaceus
    Aponogeton undulatus
    Armoracia aquatica
    Azolla caroliniana
    Azolla filiculo´des
    Azolla pinnata
    Bacopa amplexicaulis
    Bacopa australis
    Bacopa caroliniana (lemon bacopa, water hyssop)
    Bacopa crenata
    Bacopa monnieri (water hyssop)
    Bacopa myriophylloides
    Bacopa rotundifolia
    Baldellia ranunculoides
    Barclaya longifolia
    Barclaya motleyi
    Blyxa aubertii
    Blyxa echinosperma
    Blyxa japonica
    Blyxa novoguineensis
    Blyxa octandra
    Bolbitis heteroclita
    Bolbitis heudelotii
    Cabomba aquatica
    Cabomba caroliniana
    Cabomba furcata
    Cabomba palaeformis
    Caldesia parnassifolia
    Calla palustris
    Callitriche hamulata
    Callitriche hermaphroditica
    Callitriche palustris
    Callitriche stagnalis
    Cardamine lyrata
    Cardamine rotundifolia
    Ceratophyllym demersum
    Ceratophyllum submersum
    Ceratopteris cornuta
    Ceratopteris pteridoides
    Ceratopteris thalictroides
    Chlorophytum bichetii
    Cladophora aegagropila
    Crassula aquatica
    Crassula helmsii
    Crinum calamistratum
    Crinum natans
    Crinum purpurascens
    Crinum thaianum
    Cryptocorine moehlmanni
    Cryptocoryne affinis
    Cryptocoryne alba
    Cryptocoryne albida
    Cryptocoryne aponogetifolia
    Cryptocoryne auriculata
    Cryptocoryne axelrodii
    Cryptocoryne balansae
    Cryptocoryne beckettii 'petchii'
    Cryptocoryne blassii
    Cryptocoryne bogneri
    Cryptocoryne bullosa
    Cryptocoryne ciliata
    Cryptocoryne cognata
    Cryptocoryne cordata
    Cryptocoryne crispatula
    Cryptocoryne cruddasiana
    Cryptocoryne diderici
    Cryptocoryne elliptica
    Cryptocoryne ferruginea
    Cryptocoryne fusca
    Cryptocoryne grabowskii
    Cryptocoryne gracilis
    Cryptocoryne griffithii
    Cryptocoryne huegelii
    Cryptocoryne legroi
    Cryptocoryne longicauda
    Cryptocoryne lucens
    Cryptocoryne lutea
    Cryptocoryne minima
    Cryptocoryne nevillii
    Cryptocoryne nurii
    Cryptocoryne parva
    Cryptocoryne petchii
    Cryptocoryne pontederiifolia
    Cryptocoryne purpurea
    Cryptocoryne retrospiralis
    Cryptocoryne siamensis
    Cryptocoryne spiralis
    Cryptocoryne thwaitesii
    Cryptocoryne tonkinensis
    Cryptocoryne undulata
    Cryptocoryne usteriana
    Cryptocoryne venemae
    Cryptocoryne versteegii
    Cryptocoryne walkeri
    Cryptocoryne wendtii 'Tropica'
    Cryptocoryne willisii
    Cryptocoryne zewaldae
    Cryptocoryne zonata
    Cryptocoryne zukalii
    Cyperus alternifolius
    Cyperus helferi
    Cyperus papyrus
    Damasonium alisma
    Dracaena sanderiana
    Didiplis diandra
    Echinodorus africanatus
    Echinodorus amazonicus
    Echinodorus andrieuxii
    Echinodorus angustifolius
    Echinodorus argentinensis
    Echinodorus aschersonianus
    Echinodorus barthii
    Echinodorus berteroi
    Echinodorus bleheri
    Echinodorus bolivianus
    Echinodorus brevipedicellatus
    Echinodorus cordifolius (spade leaf sword)
    Echinodorus fluitans
    Echinodorus grandiflorus
    Echinodorus horemanii
    Echinodorus horizontalis
    Echinodorus humilis
    Echinodorus latifolius
    Echinodorus longiscapus
    Echinodorus macrophyllus
    Echinodorus martii
    Echinodorus opacus
    Echinodorus osiris
    Echinodorus 'Ozelot'
    Echinodorus palaefolius
    Echinodorus paniculatus
    Echinodorus parviflorus
    Echinodorus pelliscidus
    Echinodorus quadricostatus
    Echinodorus radicans
    Echinodorus rigidifolius
    Echinodorus 'Rubin'
    Echinodorus rubra
    Echinodorus schlueteri
    Echinodorus subalatus
    Echinodorus tenellus
    Echinodorus tunicatus
    Echinodorus uruguayensis
    Egeria densa
    Egeria naias
    Eichhornia crassipes
    Eichhornia diversifolia
    Elatine hydropiper
    Elatine macropoda
    Eleocharis acicularis
    Eleocharis dulcis
    Eleocharis minima
    Eleocharis obtusa
    Eleocharis parvula
    Eleocharis vivipare
    Elodea canadensis
    Elodea nuttallii
    Elodea occidentalis
    Eriocaulo sp.
    Eusteralis stellata
    Fittonia argyroneura
    Fontinalis antipyretica
    Glossadelphus zollingeri
    Glossostigma diandrum
    Glossostigma elatinoides
    Gymnocoronis spilanthoides
    Hemianthus callitrichoides
    Hemianthus micranthemoides
    Hemigraphis colorata
    Heteranthera dubia
    Heteranthera reniformis
    Heteranthera zosterifolia
    Hippuris vulgaris
    Hottonia inflata
    Hottonia palustris (water violet)
    Hydrilla verticillata
    Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
    Hydrocleis nymphoides
    Hydrocotyle leucocephala
    Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides
    Hydrocotyle verticillata
    Hydrocotyle vulgaris
    Hydrothrix gardneri
    Hydrotriche hottoniiflora
    Hygrophila augustifolia
    Hygrophila corymbosa 'siamensis'
    Hygrophila difformis (water wisteria)
    Hygrophila guianensis
    Hygrophila lacustris
    Hygrophila lancea
    Hygrophila natalis
    Hygrophila polysperma
    Hygrophila salicifolia
    Hygroryza aristata
    Isoetes lacustris
    Isoetes malinverniana
    Isoetes velata
    Isolepis setracea
    Juncus repens
    Lagarosiphon madagascariensis
    Lagarosiphon major
    Lagenandra insignis
    Lagenandra koenigii
    Lagenandra lancifolia
    Lagenandra nairii
    Lagenandra ovata
    Lagenandra thwaitesii
    Lemna gibba
    Lemna minor
    Lemna paucicostata
    Lemna perpusilla
    Lemna trisulca
    Lilaeopsis brasiliensis
    Lilaeopsis carolinensis
    Lilaeopsis macloviana
    Lilaeopsis mauritiana
    Lilaeopsis novae zelandiae
    Lilaeopsis ruthiana
    Limnobium laevigatum
    Limnobium spongia
    Limnocharis flava
    Limnophila aquatica
    Limnophila aromatica
    Limnophila glabra
    Limnophila heterophylla
    Limnophila indica
    Limnophila sessiflora
    Limnophila sessiliflora
    Lindernia rotundifolia
    Littorella uniflora
    Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower)
    Lobelia dortmanna
    Ludwigia alternifolia
    Ludwigia arcuata
    Ludwigia glandulosa
    Ludwigia helminthorrhiza
    Ludwigia inclinata
    Ludwigia inclinata var. verticellata 'Cuba'
    Ludwigia mullertii
    Ludwigia natans
    Ludwigia palustris
    Ludwigia pulvinaris
    Ludwigia repens
    Luronium natans
    Lycopodium inundatum
    Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
    Marsilea crenata
    Marsilea drummondii
    Marsilea hirsuta
    Marsilea pubescens
    Marsilea quatrifolia
    Mayaca fluviatilis
    Mayaca vandellii
    Micranthemum umbrosum
    Microsorum pteropus (Java fern)
    Monosolenium tenerum
    Myriophyllum alterniflorum
    Myriophyllum aquaticum
    Myriophyllum elatinoides
    Myriophyllum heterophyllum
    Myriophyllum hippuroides
    Myriophyllum matogrossense
    Myriophyllum proserpinacoides
    Myriophyllum scabratum
    Myriophyllum spicatum
    Myriophyllum tuberculatum
    Myriophyllum ussuriense
    Myriophyllum verticillatum
    Myriophylumm oguraense
    Najas graminea
    Najas guadelupensis
    Najas indica
    Najas marina
    Najas minor
    Najas pectinata
    Nesaea crassicaulis
    Nitella capillaris
    Nitella flexilis
    Nitella gracilis
    Nomaphila siamensis
    Nomaphila stricta
    Nuphar advenum
    Nuphar japonica
    Nuphar luteum
    Nuphar pumilum
    Nuphar sagittifolium
    Nymphaea alba
    Nymphaea lotus
    Nymphaea micrantha
    Nymphaea pubescens
    Nymphaea pygmea
    Nymphaea stellata
    Nymphaea zenkeri 'lotus'
    Nymphoides aquatica
    Nymphoides humboldtiana
    Nymphoides indica
    Nymphoides peltata
    Ophiopogon japonicus
    Orontium aquaticum
    Ottelia alismoides
    Ottelia mesenterum
    Ottelia ulvifolia
    Phyllanthus fluitans
    Pilularia americana
    Pilularia globulifera
    Pistia stratiotes
    Pogostemon helferi
    Pogostemon stellatus
    Pontederia cordata
    Potamogeton coloratus
    Potamogeton crispus
    Potamogeton densus
    Potamogeton filiformis
    Potamogeton gayi
    Potamogeton gramineus
    Potamogeton lucens
    Potamogeton malaianus
    Potamogeton natans
    Potamogeton perfoliatus
    Proserpinaca palustris
    Ranunculus aquatilis
    Ranunculus limosella
    Regnellidium diphyllum
    Riccia fluitans
    Ricciocarpus natans
    Rorippa aquatica
    Rotala indica
    Rotala macrandra
    Rotala rotundifolia
    Rotala wallichii
    Ruppia maritima
    Sagittaria chapmani
    Sagittaria eatonii
    Sagittaria filiformis
    Sagittaria graminea
    Sagittaria guyanensis
    Sagittaria isoŰtiformis
    Sagittaria latifolia
    Sagittaria microfila
    Sagittaria montevidensis
    Sagittaria natans
    Sagittaria papillosa
    Sagittaria platyphylla
    Sagittaria pusilla
    Sagittaria sagittifolia
    Sagittaria subulata
    Salvinia auriculata
    Salvinia cucullata
    Salvinia minima
    Salvinia natans
    Salvinia oblongifolia
    Salvinia rotundifolia
    Samolus floribundus
    Samolus parviflorus
    Samolus valerandi
    Saururus cernuus
    Selaginella sp.
    Shinnersia rivularis
    Spathiphyllum wallisii
    Spiranthes romanzoffiana
    Spirodela polyrhiza
    Stratiotes aloides
    Subularia aquatica
    Syngonium podophyllum
    Synnema triflorum
    Taxiphyllum barbieri
    Tonina fluviatilis
    Trapa natans
    Triglochin maritima
    Triglochin palustre
    Triglochin striata
    Typha angustifolia
    Typha latifolia
    Utricularia gibba
    Utricularia graminifolia
    Utricularia minor
    Utricularia vulgaris
    Vallisneria americana
    Vallisneria asiatica
    Vallisneria gigantea
    Vallisneria neotropicalis
    Vallisneria rubra
    Vallisneria spiralis
    Vallisneria tortissima
    Versicularia dubyana (Java moss)
    Wolffia arrhiza
    Wolffia microscopica
    Wolffiella floridana
    Zannichellia palustris

Freshwater Plant Images Gallery

Photos

Illustrations

See also

List of freshwater aquarium fish species


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